Regulatory framework for the circulation and use of animal genetic material

Context

Under the mechanisms and procedures broadcasts technologies, it is important to consider the regulations on the movement of animal semen. In its Action Plan for the development and transformation of livestock in space 2011-2020 ECOWAS, ECOWAS has registered an activity entitled “Assessing and harmonize regulations on the management of animal genetic resources. In the same vein, WAEMU held from 10 to 12 June, 2013 in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, a “Workshop of exchanges on the issue of the production of plant and animal seed quality”, with the objective ensure seed availability, both quantitatively and quality as a prerequisite for achieving a good level of productivity agricole.Dans the framework of the implementation of the Global Plan of Action for animal genetic resources, it was set up in 2014 in N’Djamena, in addition to national focal points, the Sub-Regional Focal Point for Sustainable Management of Animal Genetic Resources in West Africa, which is coordinated by the CORAF / WECARD. All these initiatives are aimed at ensuring the sustainable use of animal genetic resources to increase agricultural productivity and enhance food and nutrition security of the populations.

Under the conditions of extensive farming, local breeds with low genetic potential for milk productivity, meat and eggs. They are therefore unable to value the significant investments needed to modernize del’élevage. The formal improvement of local breeds programs are relatively rare in the ECOWAS region, although some trials multiplication station were poorly made and valued results. Moreover, recent trends in farming systems of West African countries are characterized by genetic dilution of local breeds, with the introduction of exotic animals or their semen, in order to increase significantly the level of livestock production to meet demand. In addition, animal biodiversity is threatened by the effects of climate change, wars and social conflicts and persistence of animal diseases.

Intensive farming systems are characterized by an increased use of improved animal genetic material (animal semen, embryos, performing animals). This represents the first factor of production and sustainable development in the breeding, which may for example passing the milk productivity of 2 liters to over 10 liters per cow per day. The use of powerful animal genetic material is therefore a prerequisite for rapid and sustained increase in animal production in West Africa. This animal genetic material can be intra-regional origin or come from imports from other regions. In both cases, circulation and use of animal material must be enclosed in legislation to improve animal performance and the protection of health and life of humans and animals.

Overall objective

The overall objective is to contribute to sustainable use and development of animal genetic resources – RZGs (at national, regional and international levels) to enhance food and nutritional security, income generation and welfare human populations.

Specific objective

The specific objective is to develop a suitable and harmonized regional regulatory framework on the movement of animal genetic material in the ECOWAS region, including the animal on foot, embryo, sperm, and egg for breeding or the improvement of animal species.

In addition to creating a favorable environment for the circulation and use of animal genetic material, this framework will permettreaux States, among others: (i) to identify, characterize and archive RZGs; (ii) assume responsibility in the management and sustainability of RZGs; (iii) to recognize the rights of RZGset therefore protect and preserve against any economic shock (habitat destruction, wars, rebellions, climate change, etc.) tend to threaten the existence of these resources; (iv) ensure the traceability of RZGs inside and outside their territories; (v) to have a scientific and technical perspective on all genetic and molecular manipulations on RZGs (crossing, selection, cryopreservation, modification of genetic material – GMO, etc.); (vi) to facilitate investment in the conservation and exploitation of RZGs