Result 1. Technologies and innovations developed
- On the basis of previous studies on milk quality, three (3) hygiene kits for trafficking and processing of local milk developed: Kit for farmers; Kit for collectors. The Kit for farmer includes: a milking blouse, a small milking aluminum-pail with lid, a sieve, a milking towel, a clean plastic bucket containing water and soap to clean the cow udders and a container for the collection of the farm milk; the Kit for collector includes: a cleaning towel, a small can of water, a sieve, soap and an aluminum collection tank with lid; and the Kit for processor includes: a blouse, gloves, a hat, shoes, a tank, a densitometer, soap, a bucket of water.
- Knowledge on hygienic quality of milk improved, by using tests for detecting mastitis and antibiotic residues in milk from 101 cows in traditional farms in the Kaolack region:
- (i) the prevalence of mastitis in cows in the region of Kaolack is 10% detected ; this prevalence rate of mastitis have a negative impact on milk production for cows that already have low productivity (less than 2 liters per day); the mastitis diagnostic test was performed using the California Mastitis Test® – CMT (Figure 1)
- (ii) the presence of antibiotic residues in milk marketed is 2%; the presence of antibiotic residues in milk is dangerous to consumer health as some of these residues are toxic (carcinogenic). The antibiotic residues in milk have been highlighted by the Delvotest® (Figure 2).
The next steps will consist in strengthening the capacities of farmers and other value chain actors on appropriate actions for promoting milk quality along the value chain.
Figure 1. Implementation of CMT at farm level in Kaolack, Senegal.
Figure 2. Antibiotic residues detection in milk by Delvotest®
Result 2. Strategic options for policy making
A strategic decision making option for integrating biodigesters into the dairy farming systems is under development. A socio-economic analysis of the use of biogas units a follow-up study was designed to assess the socio-economic and environmental impact of the biodigesters in the context of dairy farming systems. After Senegal, Kaolak (Figure 3), the study is currently conducted in Burkina Faso in order to have a regional perspective.
Based on these results, a Strategic option will developed as well as an advocacy plan for inregrating biodigesters into the dairy farming systems in order to improve the small holders’ livelihoods.
Figure 3. Production et utilisation du biogaz à Kaolack, Senegal (photo DIOP Fatma Thioub, 2014).
Result 3. Capacity strengthened
Twenty five (25) participants, including 13 women, trained in organizational management of Innovation Platform. The specific objective of the training was to master administrative and financial management techniques, participatory and inclusive approaches as well as advocacy techniques. The expected outcome of this training is a better management of the Innovation Platform and the increase of its impact on milk value chain.
Three (3) young scientists have been trained in improving productivity and competitiveness of local milk value chain
Result 4. Knowledge management
Two (2) technical and scientific papers published or submitted, to make information on technologies/innovations publicly accessible:
- Kalandi M., Sow A., Guigma H. Bathily A., Sawadogo G.J. (2015). Evaluation de la qualité nutritionnelle du lait cru dans les élevages traditionnels de Koalack au Sénégal Int. J. Biol. Chem. Sci. (Accepté).
- Sawadogo G.J., Ouédraogo A.G., Marichatou H., Kagoné H., Sow A., Dieng K., Millogo V. (2015). Plateforme d’Innovation Multi acteurs de la Filière Lait Local de la Région de Kaolack (PAFILKA) au Sénégal : mise en place, réalisations. Conférence Internationale sur les systèmes d’innovation en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre, 25-27 Fevrier 2015, Saly-Portudal, Senegal