The road to recovery, Experiences of Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea after Ebola

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March, 2014, the first cases of the outbreak of Ebola virus in West Africa were noticed! This was noted as the most complex Ebola outbreak since the virus was first discovered in 1976. There were more cases and deaths in this particular outbreak than all previous cases combined (Peter, C.J and Peters, J.W.2015). Starting from Guinea, it spread across land borders to Sierra Leone and Liberia. The Virus then reached Nigeria through a passenger who travelled from Liberia by air and subsequently to the United States of America, Senegal, Mali and Europe, notably by travelers. There were instances where health workers who came to the affected countries in West Africa from Great Britain, Spain and USA were also infected and taken back home. The most severely affected countries: Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone were noted as having very weak health systems, lacked human and infrastructural resources and had recently emerged from long periods of armed conflict and political instability.

The Ebola Hemorrhagic fever is a symptom of the presence of the Ebola virus disease (EVD). It is generally transmitted to people from wild animals and subsequently spreads in human populations through human-to-human transmission. The average EVD fatality rate is around 50%, having a range from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks (Bardi, 2014). The illness is characterized by high body temperature of about 39o C, vomiting of blood (hematemesis), diarrhea with blood, retrosternal abdominal pain and others, resulting in death after a mean of three days