Result 1. Technologies and innovations
A template for cost effective and profitable means of fish production developed:
- Profitability analysis of fish integrated with rice and poultry under adaptive research revealed that the gross margin, net income, profitability index and cost benefit ratio were ₦295,536, ₦204,834, 0.23 and 1.3 respectively;
- Also the results from this study showed that Integrated fish farming is more profitable than unitary system of farming as it ensures a spread of financial risk for its varied and diversified nature in rearing of fish, animals and crops;
- Comparative analysis of biological productivity and yield of Integrated Aquaculture system (IAS) with conventional fish pond system showed that mean Food Conversion Ratio and Specific Growth Rate of 1.90± 0.18; 3.96±1.02 (convectional system) and 1.25±0.22; 3.16±0.29 (IAS) were recorded respectively. The total yield of rice harvested after 12 weeks in the paddy area of the pond in IAS was 20kg which can be extrapolated to 3.3t/ha. Extrapolated figures between 1.63t/ha and 2.3t/ha was recorded in conventional system of rice production. Mean egg production of 52±1.50eggs per day and 53±1.0eggs per day were obatined in IAS and convectional system respectively. Water was about 17 times more efficiently utilized by integrated system of rice production than conventional irrigation system. Mean phytoplankton recorded in unfertilized pond was 12.71x 106/l, while 78.18X106/l was recorded after 12 weeks manure loading. Mean zooplankton population in the unfertilized pond was 15.4X106l, and 67.4X106 after 12 weeks of manure loading.
On the basis of technologies/innovations generated previously, the project activities have been focused on dissemination to the beneficiaries:
- Construction works of five additional demonstration plots in various communities selected across Nigeria (Figure 4);
- Four adopted schools have been selected for the project intervention in Nigeria with infrastructure almost at 80% completion in two of the selected adopted schools (Figure 4);
- Production and distribution of 25,000 fish seeds of African catfish and Nile Tilapia to fish farmers in the demonstration plots and farmers adopting the technology (Figure 5);
- Five modern smoking kilns are under construction for distribution to fish processors/farmers (Figure 5);
- The project has signed an MoU with WAAPP Nigeria on fingerlings multiplication and dissemination of the integrated fish farming across twelve states in Nigeria;
- Project signed an MoU with Grand Cereal Nigeria Ltd., a private fish feed manufacturing company on fish feed development and research.
Figure 4. Construction of Pond in the adopted school in Niger state (left) and at Adopted Village in Iroko community, Oyo State (right).
Figure 5. Technique for Mass production of African catfish and Nile tilapia (left) and, Modern technique of adding value to fish and packaging (right).
Result 3. Capacity strengthening
- 110 youths were trained for 3 days in the adopted school in Kainji in Integrated Aquaculture System with rice and poultry
- 3 project members were sent to south Africa on short term training on Tilapia seed production
Figure 6. Members of Young Fish Integrated Fish Farmer Association in Federal College of Freshwater Fisheries, New Bussa (left) and Scientists sponsored by the project for training in Tilapia seed production in South Africa (right).
Result 4. Knowledge management
- 1) Public Engagement: Sustainable Integrated Pond Based Aquaculture in Nigeria: View on www.drussa.net
- 2) Tosan Fregene, E. K. Ajani, B. O. Omitoyin, and A. O. Onada, Department of Aquaculture and Fisheries Management, University of Ibadan – Production Indices and Profitability Analysis of Integrated Fish Farming (Fish, Rice, Poultry) Production. http://humidtropics.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2015/03/Detailed-Conference-Program.pdf
- Training manuals have been developed and disseminated. Project team is using this Manual in Nigeria for strengthening the capacities of farmers and other fish value chain actors (processors, fish seed suppliers, fish feed suppliers, etc.).